The World Economic Forums (WEF) Future of 여성구인구직 Jobs Report states that machines now perform 30% of global jobs, with this number expected to rise to over half by 2025. A 2017 report (PDF) from technology giant Dell claims 85 percent of jobs available in 2030 have yet to be invented, and that the tech landscape is poised to be indistinguishable in the next 13 years. A 2015 study (PDF) from Foundation for Young Australians found that almost 60 per cent of the nations youth are studying or training in jobs where at least two-thirds of jobs are expected to be automated within the next decade or so.
In addition to the more than 30 jobs set to be automated, a recent report from Deloitte suggested more than 114,000 law jobs may be automated over the next couple of decades, as the printing media sector begins adopting new technologies like cloud computing and AI. In the legal sector, technology has already led to the automation of more than 30,000 jobs. Technology is also ending many of Vietnams traditional jobs, which are becoming more and more automated. Increasingly means that many everyday tasks are being replaced by machines and devices, affecting those jobs that are vanishing in Vietnam.
With machines now capable of doing much of the production work, there are less opportunities for textile workers. Not a whole lot of people are working at what jobs in the first place, so every lost job has a major impact. The paradox of work is that a lot of people hate their jobs, but are significantly more miserable doing nothing.
Today, the problem, some argue, is not so much that there are not enough jobs, as that there are not enough qualified workers to fill those positions available. Today, the worry is growing whether or not there will be enough jobs available to workers, given the possibility of automation. After years under the employers thumb on wages and working conditions, it is hard to fault people for trying to take advantage of this window of opportunity.
Instead of a pro-jobs growth future, economists across the board are projecting more losses as AI, robotics, and other technologies continue to roll out. According to recent research from the University of Oxfords Art Bilger, venture capitalist and board member, the rate of job losses across the developed world is expected to reach 47% over the next 25 years. Job growth is set to slow over the next decade, according to a new Bureau of Labor Statistics analysis, as active labor falls in countries, aging populations. Total U.S. employment is expected to increase by 165.4 million people over the next decade, however, the percentage of the population that is either employed or actively looking for work is expected to fall from 61.7 percent in 2020 to 60.4 percent in 2030.
Germanys workforce is expected to shrink by three million people by 2030, and even under a trendline scenario, Germany would have more than enough labor demand to hire all its workers. Research shows that by 2030, the demand for labour will still be growing, with rising incomes and rising consumption in developed countries, rising healthcare demand from the worlds ageing societies, and increased infrastructure and energy investments creating even greater job demands. Gartner expects AI will create jobs by 2020 that outnumber those it will replace, as well as increase labor efficiency and provide greater convenience in peoples jobs and lives.
From a market-cap perspective, companies such as UPS are 19 times better at creating jobs than technology companies. Compare that with, say, UPS, which has a $90.9 billion market cap, but has 435,000 employees globally (according to the UPS site), meaning that to create a single service-sector job for UPS, you need $209,000 in market capitalization. According to the BLS forecast, those workers will be out of a job for over the next eight years.
For disappearing, the jobs of career typists are fading as well. Workers who are displaced by automation are easy to spot, whereas the new jobs created indirectly by technology are less obvious, spreading over multiple industries and geographies.
Nine in 10 workers today are employed in occupations that existed 100 years ago, while only 5% of jobs created from 1993 to 2013 were in high-tech sectors such as computer, software, and telecom. Other jobs in rapid decline are disappearing because more companies are adopting automation and embracing productivity-enhancing technologies such as robots and cloud-based software. A generation of skilled workers trained to build sophisticated machines such as cars, or capable of operating machinery needed to manufacture steel, which is at the core of so much of our society — all are unemployed, with no jobs coming back. The newjob creators in this economy are companies like Google and Facebook and Apple, and they are not contributing a lot of jobs.
These tasks are going to have to be done, to some extent, anyway, but those workers themselves are disappearing, while other employees take on those tasks. Many jobs on this list are also going to become redefined, not completely eliminated, with skills being able to be transferred into other roles. A big challenge will be making sure workers have the skills and supports they need to move into their new jobs.
New jobs under these scenarios will require workers to possess higher levels of training, as well as skills to replace machines, such as social and emotional, creative, and higher cognitive skills. Workers in the future will spend more time performing tasks machines are less able to perform, such as managing people, applying knowledge, and communicating with others.
If the future involves less full-time jobs, as it is likely to in Youngstown, then splitting up some of the remaining jobs among a lot of part-time workers rather than just a few full-timers would not necessarily be a bad development. Rather, technology may be putting slow, steady downward pressure on labors cost and availability–that is, wages, and on the share of prime-age workers who have full-time jobs. Beyond retraining, there are also an array of policies that can help, including unemployment insurance, government help finding jobs, and portable benefits that follow workers from one job to another.